Interstate travel is the right of citizens of the United States to travel within the country without restriction from the government.
The first section of the Fourteenth Amendment states:
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The right to interstate travel is recognized and protected by the United States Constitution and the Supreme Court. The right to travel includes the right to privacy and the freedom to move freely inside the country without interference from the government. 30. In his work The Right to Travel and Privacy: Intersecting Fundamental Freedoms, Richard Sobel remarked in J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 639 (2014) that the ability to travel in the United States is fundamental to American liberty. The right predates the establishment of the United States and is mentioned in the Articles of Confederation.
The article went on to describe how official picture identification for travel, watchlist prescreening procedures, and intrusive airport scans and searches excessively restrict the freedom to travel and harm people’ rights to travel and privacy.